Health

What Can Dogs Not Eat? 6 Toxic Foods for Dogs

March 12, 2019

It can be tempting to feed your dog scraps from the table, but not all foods that are safe for people to eat are safe for dogs too. Some of your favorite foods might contain certain substances that are toxic or irritating for your pet. We’ve compiled a list of 6 foods that dogs can’t eat so you know what not to give them.

1. Chocolate

Chocolate is one of the well-known foods that is toxic for dogs. You may have heard before that chocolate is toxic to dogs, but this is not just an old wives’ tale. Chocolate contains methylxanthines, which are substances that are very toxic for dogs.

If enough is ingested, dogs can experience chocolate toxicosis. Dogs who have chocolate poisoning will experience vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, or even death. One ounce of milk chocolate per pound of body weight is a potentially lethal dose for dogs. If your dog has ingested chocolate, seek emergency vet care.

2. Macadamia nuts

Macadamia nuts are one of the most toxic foods for dogs. According to the American Kennel Club, dogs that ingest macadamia nuts can experience vomiting, ataxia, weakness, hyperthermia, and depression. The most common sign is weakness, especially in the hind legs. If you suspect your dog has macadamia nut poisoning, contact your vet immediately.

It is still unknown what causes macadamia nuts to be so poisonous for dogs; they’re safe for humans to eat and have not been identified as harmful to cats. 1/10 of an ounce per 2 pounds of body weight can cause these symptoms in dogs.

3. Garlic, onions, leeks, and chives

Dogs should never eat onions, leeks, garlic, or chives. They are part of the allium family, which is toxic for dogs. Garlic in particular is extremely toxic, as it is five times stronger than the rest of the Allium plants. Allium plants contain thiosulfate, which causes oxidative damage to red blood cells, and can result in hemolytic anemia.

It takes approximately 15-30 grams of garlic per kilogram of body weight to produce harmful changes in your dog’s blood. Dogs who have ingested these foods can experience rapid breathing, lethargy, weakness, jaundice, and dark-colored urine. Garlic will also cause gastrointestinal upset, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and more.

4. Avocados

Though they are a superfood for humans, avocados should be kept away from dogs. Avocados contain persin, a fungicidal toxin, which can cause serious health problems among many animals. If eaten in a large enough amount, persin can cause vomiting and diarrhea, myocardial damage, and the high fat content can lead to pancreatitis.

5. Grapes

Grapes and raisins are considered highly toxic to dogs. The ingestion of grapes or raisins can lead to acute sudden kidney failure and even death. All dogs are affected regardless of gender, breed or age. It is still unknown why grapes are so toxic to dogs, but ingestion of them is extremely serious.

Dogs experiencing grape poisoning may have symptoms like a loss of appetite, lethargy, weakness, vomiting or diarrhea, abdominal pain, dehydration, increased thirst, changes in urination, and kidney failure. According to the ASPCA Poison Control Center, even a small handful of grapes can be serious.

If your dog is exhibiting signs of grape or raisin ingestion, immediate treatment is critical. Contact your veterinarian or emergency vet services. They may suggest you induce vomiting, but this should not be done if your dog is having trouble breathing or is unconscious.

6. Products containing xylitol

Xylitol is commonly used as an artificial sweetener and is extremely toxic to dogs. Xylitol can be found in a variety of products such as certain peanut butters, breath mints, baked goods, pudding snacks, cough syrup, toothpaste, and more.

Symptoms of xylitol poisoning include vomiting, low blood pressure, weakness, staggering, incoordination, collapse, and seizures. If you are concerned your dog may have xylitol poisoning, check the labels of what they’ve eaten. Call your vet or an emergency animal hospital immediately.

Consult your veterinarian if you have any questions about foods that are appropriate to give your dog. When it comes to your dog’s health, it’s always better to be safe than sorry. Giving your dog the wrong foods can be hazardous for their health or lead to costly vet visits. For all-natural dog chews that you can feel good about giving your dog, be sure to check out Best Bully Sticks.

Want to learn more pet health tips? Check out our blog. And for great deals on all-natural dog chews, visit our website.