We always love getting emails from our customers & readers asking us to feature their dog or favorite breed for our Best Bully Sticks Spotlight on a Breed blog series every Thursday. As always we are honored to oblige. We are excited to spotlight the Samoyed.
Height: Male: 45-65; Female: 35-50 lbs
Weight: Male: 21-23.5; Female: 19-21 inches
Coat: The Samoyed has a long and thick double coat and requires a lot of grooming. The outercoat should be harsher than the undercoat, but still fairly soft. Undercoat should be short, thick, and should have wool like texture.
Color: The extra-thick double coat may be white, cream, white and biscuit, or all biscuit in color.
Appearance: The Samoyed is a strong, alert, agile Arctic dog who carries himself with poise, dignity and grace. The broad head is wedge-shaped and forms an equilateral triangle on lines between the inner base of the ears and the central point of the stop. The muzzle is neither too wide nor too thin and tapers toward the nose. The lips are black and curve upward, giving the appearance of an ever-present smile. The nose should be black, but liver, brown or “Dudley” colored noses are not penalized in the show ring. The erect ears are triangular in shape and rounded at the tip. Built to withstand hard work in harsh weather, the body should be muscular and the chest should be deep. The feet are large and covered in thick hair to protect against the elements. The tail is long and curls over the back.
Temperament: This is a very peaceful breed that tends to be very active. Very loyal, the Samoyed usually favors his master but will be friendly to most people. A very sociable breed, he is not only beautiful but makes a wonderful companion. Samoyeds are perky, dependable playmates, often wearing “smiles” on their faces. They are full of fun, and love nothing more than an afternoon of frisky activity in the snow. They are active and alert, indoors and out.
Samoyeds are lively, happy dogs who adore people and often have a mischievous sense of humor. They are excellent with children and always have time for a romp in the yard, especially in the snow. Samoyeds will bark to announce a visitor, but they are not guard dogs as once they are done announcing the newcomer, will most likely cozy up to the visitor to solicit a rub down. Samoyeds are great family dogs, though they tend to favor one person above all others – usually the person who is in charge of feeding and exercise. They are excellent companions for people who like the outdoors. Samoyeds are always up for a good hike in the woods, and will be happy to keep you warm overnight on a camping trip. They can be difficult to train, but Sammies are generally well behaved and make a great choice for fist time dog owners.
Health: The average life span of the Samoyed is 12-15 years. Here are some breed-specific hereditary diseases to be aware of:
- Diabetes mellitus similar but not identical to human Type I (insulin deficiency): The disease occurs in middle-aged Samoyeds, the mean age at diagnosis is seven years. The cause is a chronic inflammation of the pancreas and / or autoimmune destruction of beta cells of islets of Langerhans. Moreover, in affected dogs auto antibodies were found to insulin.
- Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). The disease leads to a slowly progressive loss of vision, which eventually leads to blindness. The first symptoms appear between two and five years of age.
- Short legs in conjunction with eye abnormalities.
- Pulmonary stenosis occurs more frequently in Samoyeds. The disease can cause shortness of breath, cardiac arrhythmias and tiring on motion and increases the risk of congestive heart failure
- Hip dysplasia
- Eye problems such as cataracts and glaucoma and other retinal problems
- The breed can also be affected by Sebaceous adenitis, an uncommon idiopathic autoimmune skin disease.